Missouri Proposed Gun Laws for 2020 - The Bad

Here’s the rundown of the 2020 proposed bills in Missouri that we need to make sure get kicked to the curb (see the good ones here: (Missouri Proposed Gun Laws for 2020 - The Good) (and you can search for what’s proposed in your state here: Anti-gun laws coming to your state? Find out what's being pushed)

SB799 (SENATOR SCHUPP) Provides that all sales of firearms be processed through a licensed firearm dealer who shall conduct background checks
NOTE: Missouri currently allows face-to-face private sales without an FFL or background check
571.202. 1. No person shall sell or otherwise transfer a firearm, including selling or transferring a firearm via the internet, unless: (1) Such person is a licensed firearms dealer; (2) The purchaser or other transferee is a licensed firearms dealer; or (3) The requirements of subsections 2 or 3 of this section are met.
2. If neither party to a prospective firearms transaction is a licensed firearms dealer, the parties to the transaction shall complete the sale or other transfer through a licensed firearms dealer as follows: (1) The dealer shall process the sale or other transfer as if he or she were the seller or other transferor. The dealer shall comply with all requirements of federal, state, and local law that would apply if he or she were the seller or other transferor of the firearm; (2) The dealer shall conduct a background check on the purchaser or other transferee in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 922(t), and state and local law and, if the transaction is not prohibited, deliver the firearm to that person after all other legal requirements are met; and (3) The dealer may require the purchaser or other transferee to pay a fee covering the administrative costs incurred by the dealer for facilitating the transfer of the firearm, plus applicable fees pursuant to federal, state, and local law.
3. A trustee, under the authority of a trust, or a personal representative, executor, or administrator of an estate shall, before transferring any firearm to an heir or devisee, complete the transfer through a licensed dealer according to the provisions of subdivisions (1) and (2) of subsection 2 of this section. If the transaction is prohibited, then the heir or devisee may authorize a transfer of a firearm to a specific individual to whom the transaction is not prohibited, or the dealer may sell the firearm and give the proceeds to the heir or devisee.
4. Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, neither the state nor any political subdivision shall require any federally licensed firearms dealer to supply a list of all of his or her transactions conducted under the provisions of subsections 2 or 3 of this section. All records shall be maintained by the licensed dealer in accordance with federal law.
5. The provisions of subsections 1 and 2 of this section shall not apply to: (1) Any law enforcement or corrections agency, or law enforcement or corrections officer acting within the course and scope of his or her employment or official duties; (2) A United States Marshal or member of the Armed Forces of the United States or the National Guard, or a federal official transferring or receiving a firearm as required in the operation of his or her official duties; 3) A gunsmith who receives a firearm solely for the purposes of service or repair, or the return of the firearm to its owner by the gunsmith; (4) A common carrier, warehouseman, or other person engaged in the business of transportation or storage, to the extent that the receipt of any firearm is in the ordinary course of business and not for the personal use of any such person; (5) A person who is loaned a firearm solely for the purpose of shooting at targets, if the loan occurs on the premises of a properly licensed target facility, and the firearm is at all times kept within the premises of the target range; (6) A person who is under eighteen years of age who is loaned a firearm for lawful hunting or sporting purposes or for any other lawful recreational activity while under the direct supervision and control of a responsible adult; or (7) A person who is eighteen years of age or older who is loaned a firearm while the person is accompanying the lawful owner and using the firearm for lawful hunting or sporting purposes or for any other lawful recreational activity.
6. Any person violating any of the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or by imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months, or both. Such person shall be guilty of a separate offense for each and every day during any portion of which a violation of any provision of this section is committed or continued by such person and shall be punished accordingly.
7. In addition to any other penalty or remedy, the investigating law enforcement agency shall report any violation of this section committed by a licensed firearms dealer to the attorney general who shall, in turn, report the violation to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives within the United States Department of Justice.
see also HB1529 and HB1676

HB1267 (REPRESENTATIVE BANGERT) Modifies provisions relating to the transport and storage of firearms in motor vehicles
*(12) Transports or stores a concealed firearm in a motor vehicle loaded and outside of a locked container or locked trunk.

HB1599 (REPRESENTATIVE ROBERTS) Modifies the offense of unlawful use of a weapon to apply to the open or concealed carrying of a firearm in the City of St. Louis without a concealed carry permit
(12) Within any city not within a county, carries openly or concealed upon or about his or her person a firearm.
(5) Subdivision (12) of subsection 1 of this section shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor for the first offense and a class E felony for a second or subsequent offense.

HB1535 (REPRESENTATIVE WASHINGTON) Adds public libraries to the list of places CCW permit holders are not authorized to carry concealed weapons
(18) Any public library. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of a public library shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises.

HB1680 (REPRESENTATIVE BASYE) Changes the laws regarding firearm offenses, increases penalties
571.045. 1. A person commits the crime of defacing a firearm if he or she knowingly alters, defaces, destroys, mars, or removes the manufacturer’s serial number, or other identification mark required by law, of any firearm. 2. Defacing a firearm is a [REMOVED: class A misdemeanor] class B felony.
571.050. 1. A person commits the crime of possession of a defaced firearm if he [REMOVED: knowingly] or she possesses a firearm [REMOVED: which is] with a manufacturer’s serial number, or other identification mark required by law, altered, defaced, destroyed, marred, or removed. 2. It is an affirmative defense to possession of a defaced firearm if: (1) The person reported the possession to the police or other governmental agency prior to arrest or the issuance of an arrest warrant or summons; or (2) The firearm was manufactured before any law requiring a serial number o other identification mark existed. 3. Possession of a defaced firearm is a class B [REMOVED: misdemeanor] felony. However, possession of a defaced firearm is a class D misdemeanor if the manufacturer’s serial number, or other identification mark required by law, is merely covered or obstructed but still retrievable.

And this one proposes a registry that must be filled out EVERY year, and requires non-residents who are in Missouri for more than 10 days to register their firearms… with a $5000 fine for not doing it:

HB1646 (REPRESENTATIVE WINDHAM) Establishes a firearm-owner registry under the management of the Attorney General
27.126. 1. The attorney general shall establish or contract for the establishment of a firearm-owner registry.
2. The firearm-owner registry shall consist of hard copies of the firearm catalog form described under subsection 4 of this section and may be implemented in the form of an electronic database, which shall be searchable using the criteria enumerated under subsection 3 of this section.
3. The firearm-owner registry shall be confidential and closed to the public. The attorney general may release confidential information to law enforcement agencies pursuant to a warrant. The attorney general may also release anonymous aggregate data regarding the number of: (1) Firearms registered in a zip code; (2) Firearms registered by residents and nonresidents; and (3) Each model of firearm registered.
4. The attorney general shall create and make available, both on the attorney general website and at courthouses in this state, a firearm catalog form. At a minimum, the form shall require the following information: (1) The full name of the firearm owner; (2) The address of the firearm owner; (3) Whether the firearm owner is a Missouri resident; (4) The date of birth of the firearm owner; (5) The date of filing; (6) Whether the firearm owner has filed previously; (7) The type, model, serial number, and gauge or caliber of each of the owner’s firearms; and (8) An affidavit statement that the information contained in the form is true, accurate, and complete.
5. Each calendar year, each resident of the state who owns a firearm shall fill out the firearm catalog form and submit the completed form to the attorney general before March first. Failure to submit a completed form is punishable by a civil penalty of up to five thousand dollars.
6. Within ten days of either entering the state with a firearm or acquiring a firearm while in this state, each nonresident of the state who possesses a firearm shall fill out the firearm catalog form and submit the completed form to the attorney general. Failure to submit a completed form is punishable by a civil penalty of up to five thousand dollars.

** HB1533 () Creates a class C felony for manufacturing, importing, possessing, purchasing, sell, or transfer any assault weapon or large capacity magazine**
NOTE: this one makes high-cap magazines a Class C Felony!!
571.023. 1. As used in this section the following terms mean: (1) “Assault weapon”, any: (a) Semi-automatic rifle that has the capacity to accept a detachable magazine and has one or more of the following: a. A pistol grip or thumbhole stock; b. Any feature capable of functioning as a protruding grip that can be held by the nontrigger hand; c. A folding or telescoping stock; or d. A shroud attached to the barrel, or that partially or completely encircles the barrel, that allows the bearer to hold the firearm with the nontrigger hand without being burned, excluding a slide that encloses the barrel; (b) Semi-automatic pistol or semi-automatic rifle with a fixed magazine that has the capacity to accept more than ten rounds of ammunition; © Semi-automatic pistol that has the capacity to accept a detachable magazine and has: a. Any feature capable of functioning as a protruding grip that can be held by the nontrigger hand; b. A folding, telescoping, or thumbhole stock; c. A shroud attached to the barrel, or that partially or completely encircles the barrel, that allows the bearer to hold the firearm with the nontrigger hand without being burned, excluding a slide that encloses the barrel; or d. The capacity to accept a detachable magazine at any location other than the pistol grip; (d) Semi-automatic shotgun that has: a. A pistol grip or thumbhole stock; b. Any feature capable of functioning as a protruding grip that can be held by the nontrigger hand; c. A folding or telescoping stock; d. A fixed magazine capacity in excess of five rounds; or e. An ability to accept a detachable magazine; (e) Shotgun with a revolving cylinder; or (f) Conversion kit, part, or combination of parts from which an assault weapon can be assembled if in the possession or under the control of a single person. “Assault weapon” shall not include any firearm made permanently inoperable; (2) “Detachable magazine”, either: (a) An ammunition feeding device that can be loaded or unloaded while detached from a firearm and can be readily inserted into a firearm; or (b) A magazine that can be detached from a firearm by pressing a button on the firearm either with a finger, tool, or bullet; (3) “Fixed magazine”, an ammunition feeding device contained in, or permanently attached to, a firearm in such a manner that the device cannot be removed without disassembly of the firearm action; (4) “Large capacity magazine”, any ammunition feeding device with the capacity to accept more than ten rounds, but excluding: (a) A feeding device that has be en permanently altered so that it cannot accommodate more than ten rounds; (b) A twenty-two caliber tubular magazine; or © A tubular magazine contained in a lever-action firearm.
2. No person, corporation, or other entity in the state of Missouri shall manufacture, import, possess, purchase, sell, or transfer any assault weapon or large capacity magazine.
3. The provisions of this section shall not apply to: (1) Any government officer, agent, or employee ; member of the United States Armed Forces; or peace officer, to the extent that the person is authorized to acquire or possess an assault weapon or large capacity magazine and does so while acting within the scope of his or her duties; (2) The manufacture of an assault weapon or large capacity magazine by a firearms manufacturer for the purpose of sale to an entity or person described under subdivision (1) of this subsection, provided that the manufacture r is properly licensed under federal and state laws; (3) The sale or transfer of an assault weapon or large capacity ammunition feeding device by a dealer, who is properly licensed under federal, state, and local laws, to an entity or person described under subdivision (1) of this subsection for use by that entity or person for official purposes; or (4) Any person who, prior to and continuously since the effective date of this section, was legally in possession of an assault weapon or large capacity magazine.
4. A violation of this section is a class C felony.

MORE of the bad:

HB1261 (REPRESENTATIVE BROWN) Repeals provisions that prohibit political subdivisions from adopting orders, ordinances, or regulations relating to firearms
REPEALS: 21.750. removing state precedence and allowing individual counties and municipalities to make independent laws restricting firearms.

HB1833 (REPRESENTATIVE GREEN) Prohibits the sale of an assault weapon to a person under the age of 21
NOTE: this also redefines “assault weapon” to a California-style feature-based definition
(3) Knowingly sells, leases, loans, gives away, or delivers an assault weapon to a person under twenty-one years of age; however, this shall not prohibit the delivery of such weapons to any peace officer or member of the United States Armed Forces or National Guard while performing his or her official duty;
2. For purposes of this section, “assault weapon” means: (1) A semiautomatic rifle that has the capacity to accept a detachable magazine and has one or more of the following: (a) A pistol grip that protrudes conspicuously beneath the action of the weapon; (b) A thumbhole stock; © A folding or telescoping stock; (d) A second handgrip or a protruding grip that can be held by the nontrigger hand; (e) A flash suppressor, muzzle break, or muzzle compensator or a threaded barrel designed to accommodate a flash suppressor, muzzle break, or muzzle compensator; or (f) A grenade launcher or flare launcher; (2) A semiautomatic rifle with a fixed magazine that has the capacity to accept more than ten rounds of ammunition; (3) A semiautomatic pistol that either has the capacity to accept more than ten rounds of ammunition or to accept a detachable magazine and has one or more of the following: (a) Any feature capable of functioning as a protruding grip that can be held by the nontrigger hand; (b) A threaded barrel capable of accepting a flash suppressor, forward handgrip, or silencer; © A shroud attached to the barrel, or that partially or completely encircles the barrel, allowing the bearer to hold the firearm with the nontrigger hand without being burned, excluding a slide that encloses the barrel; or (d) The capacity to accept a detachable magazine at any location outside of the pistol grip; (4) A semiautomatic rifle that has an overall length of less than thirty inches; (5) A semiautomatic shotgun that has the following: (a) A pistol grip that protrudes conspicuously beneath the action of the weapon, thumbhole stock, or vertical handgrip; and (b) Either: a. A folding or telescoping stock; or b. An ability to accept a detachable magazine; (6) A shotgun with a revolving cylinder; or (7) A conversion kit, part, or combination of parts from which an assault weapon can be assembled if those parts are in the possession or under the control of the same person. “Assault weapon” shall not include antique firearms, any firearm that has been made permanently inoperable, or any firearm that is manually operated by bolt, pump, lever, or slide action.

HB1391 (REPRESENTATIVE PRICE) Establishes the offense of unlawfully storing a firearm in the presence of a child
571.066. 1. As used in this section, the following terms mean: (1) “Child”, any person under eighteen years of age; (2) “Readily-dischargeable firearm”, a firearm that is loaded with ammunition, regardless of whether a round of ammunition is in the firing chamber; (3) “Secure”, an act to prevent access to a readily-dischargeable firearm including, but not limited to, placing a firearm in a locked container or temporarily rendering the firearm inoperable by a trigger lock or other means.
2. A person commits the offense of unlawfully storing a firearm in the presence of a child if: (1) A child accesses a readily-dischargeable firearm; (2) The person knowingly, negligently, or recklessly: (a) Failed to take measures that a reasonable person would take to secure the readily-dischargeable firearm; or (b) Left the readily-dischargeable firearm in a location the person knew or should have known a child could access; and (3) The firearm is discharged by a child and, as a result, any person is injured or killed.
3. The offense of unlawfully storing a firearm in the presence of a child is a class D misdemeanor, unless a death or serious bodily injury to the child or another person results from the child discharging the readily-dischargeable firearm, in which case the offense is a class A misdemeanor.
4. It is a defense to the offense of unlawfully storing a firearm in the presence of a child if: (1) The child’s access to the readily-dischargeable firearm was under the supervision of someone eighteen years of age or older; (2) The firearm was being used for a lawful hunting or sporting purpose; (3) The readily-dischargeable firearm was ultimately used in a lawful act of self28 defense; or (4) The child unlawfully entered the property where the readily-dischargeable firearm was located.

And the California-style ammo sale laws, including license to sell, 50-round transport-into-the-state limit, only face-to-face sales, and all the rest:

HB1856 (REPRESENTATIVE BOSLEY) Changes the law regarding the sale of firearm ammunition
407.1170. 1. After December 31, 2021, no person or entity shall sell any firearm ammunition unless the person or entity is designated by the secretary of state as a licensed ammunition seller.
2. This section shall not apply to: (1) A commercial hunting club, provided the ammunition is used and consumed on the premises of the club while engaged in lawful hunting activity; (2) A domesticated game bird hunting club, provided the ammunition is used and consumed on the premises of the club while engaged in lawful hunting activity; (3) A domesticated migratory game bird shooting club, provided the ammunition is used and consumed on the premises of the club while engaged in lawful hunting activity; (4) A nonprofit mutual or public benefit corporation that engages in recreational shooting and lawful hunting activity, provided the ammunition is used and consumed during a shooting or hunting event conducted by the corporation; (5) A target shooting facility that holds a business or regulatory license, provided the ammunition is kept within the facility’s premises at all times and used on the premises; or (6) A person who sells no more than one hundred rounds of ammunition to one vendor in one month and who cumulatively sells no more than two hundred fifty rounds per year to vendors in this state.
3. The secretary of state may establish eligibility criteria for licensed ammunition sellers. At a minimum, a licensed ammunition seller shall not be prohibited by state or federal law or by a court order from possessing, receiving, owning, or purchasing a firearm.
4. Beginning July 1, 2021, the secretary shall accept applications for licensed ammunition sellers. The secretary may charge a fee sufficient to cover reasonable costs of issuing a license. The secretary shall either issue a license or deny an application within sixty days of receiving the application. If an application is denied, the secretary shall inform the applicant of the reason for denial in writing.
5. A license for a licensed ammunition seller shall be issued in a form prescribed by the attorney general. Licenses shall be valid for one year and shall authorize the licensed ammunition seller to sell ammunition: (1) From any location specified in the license; or (2) At a gun show or event if the gun show or event is not conducted from any motorized or towed vehicle
6. The secretary of state shall promulgate regulations to implement the provisions of this section. Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is definedin section 536.010, that is created under the authority delegated in this section shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028. This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable, and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after August 28, 2020, shall be invalid and void.
7. Any person who sells firearm ammunition in violation of this section shall be guilty of a class D misdemeanor. Each individual sale shall be deemed a separate violation.
407.1171. 1. No licensed ammunition seller shall employ in a position that handles, sells, delivers, or has custody or control of firearms or ammunition an agent or employee who the seller knows or reasonably should know is prohibited by state or federal law or by court order from possessing, receiving, owning, or purchasing a firearm or ammunition.
2. No licensed ammunition seller shall sell, offer for sale, or display for sale any ammunition in a manner that allows the ammunition to be accessible to a purchaser without the assistance of the seller or the seller’s employee.
3. A violation of this section shall be a class D misdemeanor.
407.1172. 1. No person or entity shall supply, deliver, sell, or give possession or control of any firearm ammunition to a person who the person or entity knows or has cause to believe is prohibited by a court order from owning, possessing, or having under custody or control any firearm ammunition.
2. No person or entity shall supply, deliver, sell, or give possession or control of any firearm ammunition to a person who the person or entity knows or has cause to believe is not the actual purchaser of the ammunition if the person or entity knows or has cause to believe the ammunition will be subsequently sold or transferred to a person prohibited by a court order from owning, possessing, or having under custody or control any firearm ammunition.
3. The sale, delivery, or transfer of firearm ammunition shall only occur in a face12 to-face transaction with the seller, deliverer, or transferor being provided bona fide evidence of the identity of the purchaser or transferee. However, ammunition may be purchased over the internet or through other means of remote ordering if the ammunition is first delivered to a licensed ammunition seller in this state who verifies the purchaser or transferee is not prohibited by state or federal law or by court order from possessing, receiving, owning, or purchasing a firearm or ammunition.
4. After December 31, 2021, no resident of this state shall bring or transport into this state firearm ammunition that the resident purchased outside of this state unless the resident first has the ammunition delivered to a licensed ammunition vendor in this state for delivery to the resident after the vendor verifies the purchaser or transferee is not prohibited by state or federal law or by court order from possessing, receiving, owning, or purchasing a firearm or ammunition. This subsection shall not apply to: (1) A gunsmith acting in an official capacity; (2) A wholesaler acting in an official capacity; (3) A federally-licensed manufacturer or importer of firearms or ammunition acting in an official capacity; (4) A licensed ammunition seller; (5) A federally-licensed collector of firearms; (6) A law enforcement agency or agent thereof acting in an official capacity; (7) A contract or common carrier or an authorized agent or employee thereof acting in an official capacity; (8) A person who purchases the ammunition from an immediate family member, spouse, or registered domestic partner if the person brings or transports into this state no more than fifty rounds; (9) An executor or administrator of an estate that includes ammunition; (10) A person who was not a resident of this state when he or she acquired the ammunition; (11) A hunter who purchased the ammunition for use in a lawful hunting activity that occurred outside this state if the person brings or transports into this state no more than fifty rounds; or (12) A person who participates in an organized competitive match or league competition that involves the use of firearms in a match or competition sponsored by, conducted under the auspices of, or approved by a law enforcement agency or nationally or state-recognized entity that fosters proficiency in, or promotes education about, firearms if the person brings or transports into this state no more than fifty rounds.
5. A violation of this section shall be a class B misdemeanor.

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@Michael7 I think we should be tagging other Missourians here too… who else in MO?
We need to get folks activated to register our opinions on these laws.

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Just a question @Zee. Are these politicians all of one certain political persuasion, or is this anti-2A coming from both wings of the buzzard?

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They are all Democrats. Its strange how this sound so much like Virginia. Sorros has his anti American agenda everywhere.

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Talk about of abuse of power, it seems like the left wants to blame President Trump on this subject but the left turns right around and does the same thing, the only thing we can legally do is vote them out of office, if that is not soon enough try doing a recall if enough people sign the recall petition it will force a vote to replace them.

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@45IPAC The pro-2A are pretty much all republican. The “lets look like california” ones are all democrat. There are another 20 I’m still looking at that are wobblers in my opinion (I’ll put up another thread for those) and they’re a mixed bag. Those have mostly to do with increasing penalties for gun related crimes, but there are a couple I need a bigger think about.

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I think they share the bills. They’re not power-positioned like they are in VA, but they’re hoping we’re asleep.

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@EDC_always @Raymond @Rocklock

from NRA-ILA on the subject. the good and the bad: