Rifle to Pistol Conversion

Does anyone know the law /ruling on converting a ar15 rifle to a pistol? Is it possible to legally convert an ar15 rifle to a pistol? For example are we allowed to replace a standard 16 in upper with a 10.5 in upper and replace buttstock with a pistol brace.

1 Like

Please search the forum or the Internet. This has been posted countless times. :slight_smile:

@TRemmes Welcome to the community, we are glad to have you. :us:

Go to the magnifying glass in the upper right corner and type in AR Pistoles and choose all posts. :+1:

1 Like

These two proposed rule changes might make this much more dangerous territory:

https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2021/06/10/2021-12176/factoring-criteria-for-firearms-with-attached-stabilizing-braces

https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2021/05/21/2021-10058/definition-of-frame-or-receiver-and-identification-of-firearms

The first makes pretty much anything which has rifle-like features such as “secondary grips, hand-stops, flip-up rifle-type sights, sights/scopes with limited eye-relief, and bipod/monopods” to be classified as a rifle. Stay with me here because even if you don’t intend to put those accessories on your converted pistol, you possessing them might be enough to get in trouble.

The second changes a few key definitions as they relate to firearms regulation.

The definition of “frame or receiver” to encompass any part or parts or materials which “may readily be assembled, completed, converted, or restored” to be a part of a firearm.

This rule then goes on to redefine “readily” to include “a process that is fairly or reasonably efficient, quick, and easy, but not necessarily the most efficient, speedy, or easy process”.

This rule then goes on to redefine “complete weapon” as “a firearm other than a firearm muffler or firearm silencer that contains all component parts necessary to function as designed whether or not assembled or operable”.

So… if you have sitting in your closet parts which could be “assembled” through “a process that is fairly or reasonably efficient, quick, and easy, but not necessarily the most efficient, speedy, or easy process” to “convert” a pistol into an SBR, you may be in possession of an SBR. If you possess an AR-15 pistol and a restricted eye relief scope or a butt stock or a vertical grip, you may be in possession of an SBR.

If you missed the comment period for these rules please contact your representatives in congress and ask them to pressure the ATF to retract them as they are impracticable and unnecessary.

1 Like

Check your State laws first.

In some states once the lower receiver is defined and or stamped as a pistol it will be illegal to use it as a rifle.

Rifle barrel must be longer than 15 inches, any thing less than 15" and depending on your state laws is considered a pistol, meaning you can’t use a regular buttstock with it, only brace will be allowed.

Hope that helped.

1 Like

My only question/answer would be. WHY?. If you want a pistol, buy one. With the inherent loss’s
and drawbacks and punji pit of rules and regulations, why? :thinking: